Comment on Apollo Moon Landing Hoax – Video Evidence by jfb.

Here’s a handy experiment to try. Grab a digital camera with a manual exposure mode. On the next sunny day, go outside around noon, set your camera to ISO 100, shutter speed to 1/125, aperture to f/16, and take a picture of the landscape. You *should* get a decent exposure, at least within a half-stop or so. Now set the shutter speed to 30 seconds and take another picture. You should get a frame of solid, detail-free white.

On the next moonless night, go outside and take a picture of the stars using the same two sets of exposure settings. At Tv=1/125, you should have solid black where the stars should be. At Tv=30″, you should see at least the brightest stars (and possibly a lot of noise, depending on the camera).

Photographic film and digital sensors cannot capture the dynamic range between the sunlit lunar (or terrestrial) surface *and* the stars in the background. Our eyes have greater range, but even they have limits (tell me how many stars you can see on a moonless night vs. a night with a full moon).

Expose for the lunar surface, and the stars simply don’t register. Expose for the stars, and the surface will be a detail-free blob of solid white. Don’t take my word for it, grab your camera and see for yourself.

To get both in the same image, you either would have to use two separate exposures and combine them later, or somehow double expose the same frame, masking out the surface for one exposure and the stars for the other.

As for the Luna and Zond photos in the link you supplied: which frames are supposed to have stars in the background? As far as I can tell, *none* of the images show any background stars.